Novel notes (PE Glossary)

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Novel notes (PE Glossary)

Postby Caligo » Mon Oct 25, 2010 12:38 pm

From the back of the novel, here comes some of the definitions given. By reading them I think it offers a better understanding of some of concepts within the film and game series. Obviously this list won't be all inclusive, but I have included the notes relating to said fandoms.

- Kiyomi's living cells were growing

Cells created with collagenase appear as glowing globules when viewed under a phase contract microscope. Dead or dying cells are opaque and a cells condition can be judged according to its luminosity. If left for a number of hours, cells aggregate to the bottom of the flask and lose their brightness.

- Cytosol
In addition to the nucleus and mitochondria, cytosol is another important cellular component. Mitochondria are actually stuck to a mesh structure called tubulin, so they are unable to move around freely. In longer cells such as nerve cells, they untie with these "motor proteins" to achieve movement. Free-swimming mitochondria are thus rare.

- MOM19
Genes coding for a large portion of mitochondrial proteins can be found in the nucleus: the nuclear gene products generated as a precursor proteins must be imported into mitochondria. MOM19, a protein in the mitochondrial membrane, is essential for this importation.

- Cloned
In a first generation cultivation, the qualities of each cell differ slightly, because the inherent nature of each cell changes during the cultivation process. In order to acquire uniform cell groups, a succession of cells is replicated from a single cell. This is called cell cloning. There are innumerable methods for cloning, but the so called 'critical dilution method is the most widely used of all. In this method, one dilutes a cellular solution and cultivates no more than one cell per plate well. Inside each well, the cells that multiply are virtually identical to the cell from which they propagate. Eve 1 and Eve 2 propagated in separate wells. Therefore, each is a unique clone group. This is different from genetic cloning.

- Citric Acid Cycle
One of several metabolic pathways in mitochondria, it fuels the reactions that generate sugar, fatty acids, and many amino acids.

- Hot wind
Mitochondria are the birthplace of energy. They make use of enzymes to combine with ATP. The energy used to consummate this synthesis is stored as electricity and is called an electron transport chain system (ETS). The potential for one cubic centimeter of mitochondrial activity is 20,000 volts. When we exercise, an emission of heat can also occur directly in mitochondria themselves. That process is what causes fever. The proteins that facilitate this discharge are called "uncoupling proteins" and are found in
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